You rely on them almost every minute of every day, but until something goes wrong, you probably never give them much thought at all. They carry you, support you and take you where you need to go, but most of us take them completely for granted: they’re your feet!
Human feet are an engineering masterpiece. Each foot has 26 bones and 30 joints! In formal anatomy, the foot is divided into three sections: the hindfoot, the midfoot, and the forefoot. The hindfoot is composed of the talus, or ankle bone, and calcaneus, or heel bone. The long bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula, attach to the top of the talus. The calcaneus, or the heel, is cushioned by a layer of fat to protect against impact.
The arch of the foot is created by the five cuneoid, navicular, and cuneiform bones, which together serve as the body’s shock absorber. The flexible arch allows the foot to bend and bounce on impact. The forefoot is comprised of the long metatarsals that connect the toes to the midfoot and the shorter toe bones, called phalanges. The big toe has two phalanges, while the other four toes have three apiece.
All the bones in the foot work together to balance your body’s weight, protect your skeleton from impact, and conserve energy while you walk or run. Wearing shoes that are scientifically designed to work with your feet is crucial to your overall health and well-being. Be good to your feet, and put them in Okabashi orthotically correct sandals and flip flops